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In contrast, however, St Roch of Montpellier cannot be dismissed based on dates of a specific plague event.
In medieval times, the term "plague" was used to indicate a whole array of illnesses and epidemics.
This information has led to the now common belief that Roch probably died in Voghera instead of Montpellier.
His popularity, originally in central and northern Italy and at Montpellier, spread through Spain, France, Lebanon, the Low Countries, Brazil and Germany, where he was often interpolated into the roster of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, whose veneration spread in the wake of the Black Death.
He was expelled from the town; and withdrew into the forest, where he made himself a hut of boughs and leaves, which was miraculously supplied with water by a spring that arose in the place; he would have perished had not a dog belonging to a nobleman named Gothard Palastrelli supplied him with bread and licked his wounds, healing them.
His successor, Pope Gregory XIV (1590–1591), added Roch of Montpellier, who had already been memorialized in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass for two centuries, to the Roman Catholic Church Martyrology, thereby fixing August 16 as his universal feast day.The cult of Roch gained momentum during the bubonic plague that passed through northern Italy in 1477–79.Saint Roch is a hagiographical doublet of a more ancient saint, Racho of Autun, Burgundy who died about 660.Numerous brotherhoods have been instituted in his honor.He is usually represented in the garb of a pilgrim, often lifting his tunic to demonstrate the plague sore in his thigh, and accompanied by a dog carrying a loaf in its mouth.